Many religious apologists and preachers wrongfully elaborated the meanings of those two covenants made between God and His people. In fact, the doctrines about these two covenants are included among those mis-understood doctrines of the Holy Scriptures. These teachers of religion carelessly concluded that every scriptures written during the time before the birth of Christ were all part of what we called as “the Old Covenant”, and since they were all part of that old stuff, they’re nothing to do at all with the teachings of Christianity. Furthermore, by ignoring the differences between laws and statutes, and between statutes and judgment, the commandments of God were completely abandoned in the period of what they called as “the period of grace”. By mis-understanding the Old and New Covenant, the law and grace became two contrasting factors instead as twin teachings of the Scriptures. As result of these careless explanations, the doctrine of an eternal covenant described in the Scriptures was almost forgotten and have cut-off from the fundamental Christian teachings today.
But the Bible didn’t missed anything about its teachings. It was those religious teachers who failed to comprehend those teachings of salvation. Paul said;
For they being ignorant of God’s righteousness, and going about to establish their own righteousness, have not submitted themselves unto the righteousness of God. (Romans 10:3)
Before the foundation of the world, God already established His own government in eternity. This government is perfect as God who established it. Love was its foundation, with justice and mercy as its pillars. The psalmist declared;
Justice and judgment are the habitation of thy throne: mercy and truth shall go before thy face. (Psalms 89:14)
We all know that there’s no justice unless someone was aggrieved by sin, and there’s no mercy unless somebody sinned. The law of God bringeth justice and His mercy bringeth forgiveness and justification. Also by mercy that the world found the grace of God which brought us into the new life of holiness and righteousness according to the will of the Almighty. Therefore, the teaching that the law has nothing to do with grace is totally an invented teaching; because if there’s no law, there’s no sin. When there’s no sin, there’s no need of forgiveness; if there’s no forgiveness, then no need of mercy… and God’s merciful character is in vain.
The everlasting covenant was established before the world was created and founded upon the same principles of God’s government. Justice and mercy are two great factors of the everlasting covenant. While the world was saturated by sins and evil pleasures, God abounds His mercy which could be attained only through faith in His Son. But God will not always strive for man. There will be a time of vengeance when those who accept not the gospel shall be punished. While those who abide in the will of God by faith and keeping their self from being untouched by the sins of the world is the reward of eternal life in the place prepared by God, the wicked shall bring into a horrible end. The everlasting covenant is that we should abide in the will of God and that the Lord will provide anything to keep us in the right path. The Hebrew writer described;
But now hath he obtained a more excellent ministry, by how much also he is the mediator of a better covenant, which was established upon better promises. (Hebrews 8:6)
The New Covenant is not a brand new thing. It may be new in the sense that God did not fully unfold its mystery during the time of patriarchs and prophets. By its nature, the New Covenant was more ancient than our planet.
What about the Old Covenant? Not all scriptures and revelations given before the birth of the Savior were part of the Old Covenant. The Old Covenant is the agreement between God and the people of Israel in Mount Sinai. The provisions and laws of this covenant were written by Moses in a book called “the book of the covenant“. This book contained the statutes and judgment given by God to Moses for the House of Israel. When the Old Covenant was about to be ratified, Moses sprinkled the book with a hyssop dipped in the blood of the animal. The Hebrew writer stated;
Whereupon neither the first testament was dedicated without blood.
For when Moses had spoken every precept to all the people according to the law, he took the blood of calves and of goats, with water, and scarlet wool, and hyssop, and sprinkled both the book, and all the people,
Saying, This is the blood of the testament which God hath enjoined unto you. (Hebrews 9:18-20)
Therefore, the Old Covenant was not about the Moral Law which God engraved upon tables of stone, because the laws of this covenant were contained in that book written by the hand of Moses, not of God. In fact, Moses sprinkled it with the blood of the victim and then declared; “This is the blood of the testament which God hath enjoined unto you.” The Ten Commandments or the Moral Law is a part of the everlasting gospel by the fact that it was not abolished but magnified by Christ in the gospel.